Vertical Farms & Land Use Planning

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Vertical farming and vertical gardens (including green walls, hanging gardens, vertical green spaces, subterranean gardens, rooftop gardens, and multi-story lean-to greenhouses) have many implications for land use, urban planning, zoning, architecture, and, potentially, property values.

Land Use Planning:
  • Vertical gardening can be integrated into land use planning to maximize green space and agricultural production in urban areas.
  • Zoning regulations may need to be adapted to accommodate vertical gardening structures, recognizing their potential for efficient land use and urban agriculture.
Optimal Land Utilization:
  • Vertical gardening epitomizes optimal land utilization by allowing crops to be grown in a three-dimensional space, making efficient use of limited land resources.
Mixed-Use Development:
  • Vertical farming can be integrated into mixed-use developments, providing fresh produce within urban areas and contributing to a more resilient and self-sufficient community.
Land Optimization:
  • Vertical gardening is a prime example of land optimization, as it allows for the cultivation of crops in a space-efficient manner, making the most of available land.
Smart Growth:
  • Vertical farming aligns with smart growth principles by promoting sustainable agriculture within urban environments, reducing the need for extensive transportation of food.
Infill Development:
  • Vertical farming can be incorporated into infill development projects, utilizing unused or underused spaces to provide more open space or park space, cultivate crops, and contribute to local food production.
Density Bonus:
  • Vertical farming could be incentivized through density bonuses, encouraging developers to integrate agricultural components into high-density developments.
Land Parcel Optimization:
  • Vertical gardening offers a way to optimize land parcels by maximizing the cultivation area within a limited footprint, providing a sustainable and efficient use of space.
Brownfield Redevelopment:
  • Vertical farming can play a role in brownfield redevelopment by repurposing contaminated sites for food production, contributing to the revitalization of urban areas.
Air Rights:
  • Vertical gardens can be designed to utilize air rights, allowing for the cultivation of plants above ground level and transforming vertical spaces into productive green areas.
Sustainable Land Use:
  • Vertical farming aligns with sustainable land use practices by promoting resource-efficient cultivation, reducing the environmental impact associated with traditional agriculture.
  • Vertical gardens contribute to placemaking by creating visually appealing, vibrant, and unique spaces within urban environments, enhancing the overall quality of life for residents.
Site Analysis:
  • Site analysis for vertical gardening involves assessing factors such as sunlight, wind exposure, and accessibility to optimize the design and placement of vertical structures.
Green Building:
  • Vertical farming can complement green building initiatives by incorporating sustainable growing practices and contributing to a building's overall environmental performance.
Compact Development:
  • Vertical farming supports compact development goals by enabling the cultivation of crops in a space-efficient manner, reducing the need for expansive agricultural land.